One in four deaths in the United States are from cardiovascular disease, and it’s the leading cause of death in both men and women. There are numerous cardiovascular disease risk factors including high blood pressure, poor cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity, smoking, poor diet, and drinking alcohol. Unfortunately, roughly 50% of Americans have at least three of these risk factors. The good news is that individuals do have control over these and as a result, can improve their health and reduce their risk of CVD.

This study looked to compare the effects of a Paleo diet and a Diabetes diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes not treated with insulin. The study had 13 patients, with an average diabetes duration of 9 years, eat a Paleo diet for three months and a Diabetes diet for three months then looked at multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors. Researchers found that, compared to the Diabetes diet, the Paleo diet resulted in lower mean values of HbA1c, triacylglycerol, diastolic blood pressure, BMI and waist circumference and higher mean values of HDL.

Read the full study here for free.

Beneficial effects of a Paleolithic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: a randomized cross-over pilot study. Cardiovascular Diabetology (2009) 8 (35): published July 16, 2009 doi: 10.1186/1475-2840-8-35