A new study out of Finland has found that men who eat large amounts of fermented dairy products are at lower risk for coronary heart disease than men who eat only small amounts. Also noteworthy is that consumption of non-fermented dairy products was associated with a higher risk of heart disease, which tracks with the Paleo principle of avoiding most, but not necessarily all, dairy.

More from the abstract:

After adjusting for potential confounders, those in the highest (v. lowest) intake quartile of fermented dairy products had 27 % (95 % CI 5, 44; P-trend=0·02) lower risk of CHD. In contrast, those in the highest intake quartile of non-fermented dairy products had 52 % (95 % CI 13, 104; P-trend=0·003) higher risk of CHD. When analysed based on fat content, low-fat (<3·5 % fat) fermented dairy product intake was associated with lower risk (hazard ratio in the highest quartile=0·74; 95 % CI 0·57, 0·97; P-trend=0·03), but high-fat fermented dairy and low-fat or high-fat non-fermented dairy products had no association. These results suggest that fermented and non-fermented dairy products can have opposite associations with the risk of CHD.